Improve Your English Vocabulary: Diet, Health, and Nutrition

Improve Your English Vocabulary: Diet, Health, and Nutrition

Essential vocabulary about nutrition and health in English. Are you planning to start a diet? Looking to gain or lose weight? In this lesson, we will cover a wide variety of words, including ‘ingest’, ‘digest’, ‘arteries’, ‘carbohydrate’, ‘fat’, ‘fiber’, ‘sodium’, ‘metabolism’, and more. I will teach you which nutrients are good for your body (such as proteins) and which ones are bad (like trans fats), and I’ll explain exactly what calories are. Plus, you will discover how the body breaks down food into energy. The vocabulary you will learn is very useful because it ties into so many other subjects, like anatomy, biology, and fitness.

Now, watch these other healthy vocabulary lessons I’ve done:

1. Vocabulary of your body & organs:

2. Medical vocabulary:


Hi. Welcome to I’m Adam. In today’s video, we’re going to talk about: nutrition. So, we’re going to get a little introduction into how to maintain a proper diet, what you’re eating, what you should eat, what you shouldn’t eat, how much you should eat, etc. And we’re going to especially look at the different types of nutrients that you should put into your body if you want to grow, if you want to maintain, if you want to lose weight, etc.

So, we’re going to start with the basic process. Okay? Eating, drinking, all these things. We’re going to look at these two verbs: “ingest” and “digest”. Okay? So, when we’re talking about nutrition, we’re talking about what you’re taking into your body. So, when you ingest something, when you ingest nutrients, you are swallowing them or absorbing them. So, “swallow” basically means chew and swallow. Right? So, “chew” is break down the food in your mouth, and then you swallow it; you take it in and push it down into your stomach. You can also absorb nutrients. For example, we absorb vitamin D from the sun through our skin. Okay? So, you can absorb or swallow – means you’re ingesting your nutrients.

In your stomach, your stomach produces juices-they’re mostly acids-that break down the food and separate it into its different components that can then be absorbed in the intestines. So, the intestines are the long tubes that go back and forth from your stomach until the waste comes out, and inside all the good nutrients get absorbed into the blood, and pushed around to all the parts of the body that need them.

So, let’s look specifically at the nutrients that you’re going to need. Now, first thing you need to know about nutrients are… Is that they are not synthesized naturally by the body. So, the body produces a lot of the things it needs, but some things it just can’t synthesize; it can’t put together to create a new nutrient. So, these nutrients need to be ingested; they need to be put into your body, basically. Right? And we have: Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. And these are considered essential. You can live without carbohydrates, but you can’t live without these nutrients. Okay?

So, what are these? So, “carbohydrates”-we call them “carbs” for short-these are the nutrients that provide your body energy, especially for your brain. Okay? They come from fruits and vegetables, grains… So, for example, bread, which comes from wheat or whatever other kind of grain, has a lot of carbohydrates. Comes from sugars, and starches, like rice, etc. So, all of these give your body a lot of energy. Now, you also get energy from the other minerals… From the other nutrients as well, but carbohydrates are a very good source. The problem is they can also lead to weight gain, if you don’t control the intake. Okay? We can also say: “intake of nutrients”. Basically means take in; intake. Okay? So, carbohydrates.

Then we have proteins. “Proteins” are the nutrients that help create and build tissues and muscles in your body. So, when a child is growing and getting bigger, it’s the proteins that help create that growth. It’s good for bones, and muscles, and tissues, etc. Proteins are made of amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein, and there are many different types of amino acids. And these days you can take pills specifically with the amino acids that you want for specific things. So, nowadays, you see a lot of guys or girls – big, big muscles, and you think: “Oh, steroids.” Right? Not necessarily; they could just be taking a lot of amino acids, and exercising a lot, and growing their muscles and looking much bigger. So, proteins are basically the building blocks.

“Fats” are the nutrients that store energy. So, if you eat too many carbohydrates, the fats will store that energy as sugar, and that’s why you get fat. That’s why it’s called… When a person is a little bit heavy, we sometimes say: “Fat”. […]


  1. Galle Galle on June 15, 2021 at 10:51 pm

    Thanks for excellent lesson.

  2. Irinka Uzinchonok on June 15, 2021 at 10:52 pm

    Adam, thank you! This lesson is helpful as always!

  3. Sajjad Za on June 15, 2021 at 10:52 pm

    Hi, I have a very important question which is undoubtedly other English learners’ issue too. Whenever I learn new words or phrases, I put them in my Notes in my iPhone and look up their definitions and examples. So, until this stage, I’ve learnt the words. However the problem is “why I can’t remember them in my speaking? Why all those brilliant words are stuck in my notes and I can’t use them? What should I do to be able to use all of them fluently abs without hesitation? Please help me with that. Thanks.

  4. Chanida C on June 15, 2021 at 10:55 pm

    Adam is the smartest teacher. Not only he can teach you any subject, but he also explains it very clearly. I feel like I am learning English and gaining more knowledge about Nutrition at the same time. 🙂

  5. MA Khadar on June 15, 2021 at 10:58 pm

    Thank you Adam., apart from English tutorial you gave more information

  6. Renata Fukimura on June 15, 2021 at 10:58 pm

    He is so inteligent that he understands nutrition to … That’s not possible this teatcher !!!

  7. Noelle Lumbu on June 15, 2021 at 10:59 pm

    If your English is great, why do you click here and then dislike the video? He is doing a great job for us who want to improve our English.

  8. AMADO AMADO on June 15, 2021 at 11:01 pm

    Of course yu.r Amazing Adam thancks Alot

  9. Mhamad Motawa on June 15, 2021 at 11:01 pm

    Thank you so much Adam

  10. miss Alzuhiri on June 15, 2021 at 11:02 pm

    good job

  11. Mon Land on June 15, 2021 at 11:05 pm

    I have been watching almost all of your videos. You are an amazing teacher.

  12. Blue Memory on June 15, 2021 at 11:05 pm

    Thank you Adam! I see lessen very nice👋😍

  13. Thales Guarini on June 15, 2021 at 11:05 pm

    Oh my goodness, this is more than a simple English class. Thank you for your time Adam. This class is very good and important for my process as student.

  14. cristiano carmine on June 15, 2021 at 11:07 pm

    I think the people in general need to be a more polite than rude,if you’r hide behind a display this doesn’t means you can press dislike and maybe be rude as well thinking this clean shames on you. I really only can say Thank you. I really love your videos and how you help the people for survive in a ielts test or just improve the language.

  15. akhmad-sila on June 15, 2021 at 11:08 pm

    It’s perfectly clear no questions. Excellent man!

  16. Waldschrat on June 15, 2021 at 11:08 pm

    One of the very best english teacher in the word with high interessting contents!
    Thank You Adam!
    Greatings from Germany

  17. Taissia Makarevich on June 15, 2021 at 11:12 pm

    Amazing video! Thanks a lot!

  18. Yousef Khanbabaei on June 15, 2021 at 11:13 pm

    If you are fat you can say I am just storing to much energy 🙂

  19. Vlada Khon on June 15, 2021 at 11:14 pm

    thank you so much for useful information! I think I didn’t even know that in my mother language 😅

  20. luis valenzuela on June 15, 2021 at 11:14 pm

    Great video fella you just got another suscriber, grettings from Guatemala!

  21. Jose Diaz on June 15, 2021 at 11:14 pm

    Thank you Adam!

  22. Anitzi Juárez Atonal on June 15, 2021 at 11:17 pm

    Thank u for all your lessons! Nutrition it’s so important and to learn vocabulary about that it is amazing. Greetings from Mexico

  23. kaizheng on June 15, 2021 at 11:18 pm

    I feel Like take a science lesson more than english lesson🤣but still thanks a lot to Adam for this lesson

  24. Jose Rodriguez on June 15, 2021 at 11:19 pm

    I love the video. Congratulations!.

  25. Rezza Dewintha on June 15, 2021 at 11:19 pm

    thank you. I ask my students to watch this video. very useful.

  26. ZUKHRA KHAKIMOVA on June 15, 2021 at 11:20 pm

    Mr. Adam, Thank You so much, very informative video.

  27. Tatiana Santos on June 15, 2021 at 11:21 pm

    Wow!!! What a great video!!!! So clarifying

  28. Milagros prado cuevas on June 15, 2021 at 11:22 pm

    Excellent thanks teacher Adam, greettings!!

  29. Fernando Monteiro on June 15, 2021 at 11:22 pm


  30. Sevil Bilir on June 15, 2021 at 11:23 pm

    Thank You Adam, I love your videos so much, they are very helpful for me..

  31. Harsh.AB17 on June 15, 2021 at 11:25 pm

    We can also call exertion as egestion

  32. Farideh V. K. on June 15, 2021 at 11:26 pm

    Very good English lesson also good information,thanks!

  33. Максим Герасимов on June 15, 2021 at 11:26 pm

    Adam, keep on making such useful videos!! Thanks a million!

  34. marcelle mintoff on June 15, 2021 at 11:26 pm

    very good interesting topic,only one mistake no4 ,then i realised what i did

  35. Маляр Екатерина on June 15, 2021 at 11:28 pm

    I like all your lessons. It’s too useful for non- English speakers.

  36. mormutluhayat PURPLE HAPPY LIFE on June 15, 2021 at 11:31 pm

    Thanks Adam, This was very helpful to improve my English skills. I will speaking exam about healthy lifestyles and healthy food next week.💜🍀

  37. Mustafa Shalaby on June 15, 2021 at 11:32 pm


  38. Sophie w. on June 15, 2021 at 11:33 pm

    awesome 👌🏼

  39. Minar Sheikh on June 15, 2021 at 11:33 pm

    You are a good teacher bcz your talking nd teaching, i understand clearly,,,thanks again

  40. aidilia rahmasari on June 15, 2021 at 11:36 pm

    Hello from Indonesia

  41. Sumanth Achar K on June 15, 2021 at 11:37 pm

    Love your content man

  42. maisa mauli azizah on June 15, 2021 at 11:37 pm

    It’s really helpful. Thankyou

  43. Amir Yari on June 15, 2021 at 11:37 pm

    Thanks a lot. Very useful

  44. 北美姜姜 on June 15, 2021 at 11:38 pm

    2 liters water per day, not too much.

  45. Franca Lavorato on June 15, 2021 at 11:40 pm

    Good morning Adam,
    Your English-lesson are so clear…it’s possible to understand all about your teaching. Then, through your way to teach us the English language we can feel how much love you put on it. How many times I’m wishing to have a drink with you.
    Thank you so much for your way to be.

  46. Daniel Gonzalez on June 15, 2021 at 11:41 pm

    Dude this has been one of the best videos that i’ve seen, i could learn english as well as nutrition, now i know a little bit more about both, you really deserve my like because the world lacks good people like you

  47. Leslie Jordan on June 15, 2021 at 11:42 pm

    Hello everyone am here to inform the general public how Dr okosun on YouTube cured me permanently from my HSV 1&2 with the help of his herbal medication

  48. Rita Santana on June 15, 2021 at 11:43 pm

    Carbohydrates are essential as well as protein and lipids. Our brain is the biggest consumer of glucose, and has a unique source just for it. Even on a low carb diet our body still uses glucose, meaning it is impossible to live without carbohydrates.

  49. Vladimir Shurochkov on June 15, 2021 at 11:45 pm

    Great lesson Adam!
    I totally agree with you. A diet is more important than any exercises. If you want to have 6 pack abs first of all you need refuse harmful food. You should comply with proper nutrition. Secondly you need exercise hardly and properly. And after that you sometimes should have a rest for recovery damaged muscules and tissues of your body.

  50. Moustafa Adly on June 15, 2021 at 11:46 pm

    thanks a lot