Mental Health and Mental Illness Fundamentals Part 1 | Counselor Toolbox 284
Mental Health and Mental Illness Fundamentals Part 1 | Counselor Toolbox 284
Mental Health and Mental Illness Fundamentals
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Neuroscience of Mental Health
~ Creation of emotions and our ability to think and perceive things occurs in the brain
~ The workings of the brain depend on the nerve cells being able to communicate with each other
~ Each neuron makes over 1000 connections
~ The frontal lobe is involved with motor behavior
~ The prefrontal cortex is responsible for planning and integrating cognitive and emotional streams of information
~ The brain continues to develop until about age 25
~ Electrical signals from the neuron are converted to chemicals called neurotransmitters
~ Neurotransmitters are released from the sending neuron into the space between neurons. They attach like a key into a “lock” called a receptor. This triggers the receiving neuron to pass on the signal.
~ The more receptors that are stimulated the more intense the reaction
~ Excitatory Neurotransmitters include norepinephrine and glutamate
~ Inhibitory neurotransmitters include GABA and to some extent serotonin
~ Other neurotransmitters include dopamine (5), acetylcholine, endorphins (natural opiates), substance P (pain, anxiety, stress)
~ Neurotransmitter availability is impacted by
~ The presence of other neurotransmitters and hormones
~ Quality and quantity of the neurotransmitter
~ Vitamins and minerals help break down amino acids (proteins) to make neurotransmitters.
~ Without proper nutrition and adequate stress management the neurons will not be able to function effectively.
~ Triggers the fight or flight response
~ OCD, panic disorder and phobias are in this family
~ OCD has components of
~ Anxious emotions
~ Obsessional thinking
~ Behavioral compulsions
~ It is estimated that 45% of people will experience an addiction in their lifetime
~ Risk and protective factors
~ Correlation, causation leading to consequences
~ Causes of health and disease are generally viewed as a product of the interplay or interaction between biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors
~ Biopsychosocial model
~ One factor by itself may not weigh heavily, but the combination of factors are exponentially additive
~ No single gene or even a combination of genes dictates
~ environmental factors (e.g., psychosocial environment, nutrition, health care access) can play a significant role in the severity and course of a disorder
~ Infectious agents can penetrate into the brain where they can cause mental disorders
~ HIV-associated dementia
~ Caused not by direct infection of neurons, but by infection of immune cells known as macrophages which indirectly cause dysfunction and death in nearby neurons by releasing toxins
~ New classification of OCD called PANDAS: pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection
~ PANDAS are caused by antibodies against the strep infection that also manage to attack the basal ganglia region of the child’s brain
Biological Protective Factors
~ Adequate prenatal care
~ Adequate medical care
~ Proper hygiene and health practices
Psychosocial Protective Factors
~ Environment: Safe, nurturing, stimulating
~ Protection from
~ Abuse and neglect
~ Abandonment and life stress
~ Household member with mental illness or substance use disorder
~ Household conflict/family dysfunction
~ Consistent support
~ Positive peer relationships
~ School success
~ A sense of control over environment
Individual Protective Factors
~ Full term birth (Prematurity)
~ Early intervention for
~ Developmental delays (Genetic or illness related)
~ Physical disabilities
~ Comorbid mental health issues
~ High self-esteem
~ Mental health is largely impacted by the functioning of the brain and the learning experiences of the person.
~ Psychosocial protection includes ensuring a safe, supportive environment, and the development of healthy coping skills.
~ Individual protection includes good health behaviors, development of self-esteem, understanding one’s temperament and needs and receiving early intervention for any traumas, developmental delays or disabilities.
Wow I didn’t know about this stuff 4-22-2020
very well explained and very helpful information. M-DCPS. Watched 4-20-2020
learnt alot in this video very useful 5-4-20 MDCPS
Learn a lot of things that I did’t know. Watched 4-17-2020
Very important information and interesting video. Watched on 4/30/2020
very interesting video. watched 05/07/2020 yimly valdivia-garcia MDCPS
All thank to DrAziegbe1 On YouTube for curing me and my boyfriend for herpes, with herbal medicine I am so much happy.
I thought the video was very interesting and informative.
Very important to know, watched May 8, 2020
very interesting 05-06-2020
Very interesting and useful not only for the job but for our own life. MDCPS 4/17/2020 Marta Martinez
Very interesting to know what to look for. Maria Solares 4/30/2020
very interesting. 4/19/2020 Patricia Acevedo
Watched April 25- informative and insightful.
WATHED SATURDAY APRIL 25TH
I Sharon Parker, felt this video was very interesting and helpful, Thank you. (M-DCPS) 05/04/2020
Mental health, self-esteem, and illness in students and staff is important to know. Very insightful video. Watched 04/30/2020, Maria Quintana (MDCPS)
Very informative. Watched 04/17/2020. M-DCPS
Very informative watched on 4/23/20 Sasha-Vally Bastien Redland Middle School -MDCPS
Watched 4-21-20 Ana Lopez
very interesting Terah Moore watched 4-20-20
IS VERY INTERESTING . L. CARIME.
very interesting.very professional.super
Thank you very much drihenyenonojolu on YouTube who cured my herpes virus within 7 days.
Really it was very interesting the Mental Health class on 05/02/20
muy bueno 4/18/2020 MDCPS
Viewed on 04/27/2020. Although I enjoy working with children with disabilities, this presentation reminded me just how much I MISS working in the Diversion and Treatment Program as an RSC2 for Miami Dade County Government. I was a counselor in that position for 14 years until a budget reduction layoff. The presentation given by the presenter was thorough and well displayed. I believe this has been the most informative presentation as it applies to everyone. It’s beneficial to know that mental health is mostly influenced by the functioning of the brain and our personal learned experiences that we process. It’s also favorable to know what to look for since there is no sure way to prevent mental illness, however help is available! I highly recommend!!!
Watched 4/23/2020 MDCPS Yessenia Carvajal
Mental HEALTH and Mental illness done
Clear and informative, M-DCPS. Watched April 21, 2020 Yasmin Gonzalez
Very interesting and informative. Watched 04/20/2020 M-DCPS
Another great video. I just subscribed 👍🏽
Helpful information and tips to work with students that need special treatment.
Very good information, and very interesting. watched 4_20_2020
Raquel Lopez. Very interesting this video, to work with these students , first requires a lot of knowledge and professional preparation, a lot of love and understanding.
IS VERY INTERESTING. THANK YOU
MDCPS Support Staff. MBretos 4/18/20
Very informative! The presenter was great.
330888 MDCPS 04-20-20
Very good video, very educational! BG
Great video! Lots of information 6/1/20
Watched 4/27/2020- mental health education and the ability to see the signs is important in today’s climate
Nicole Brown 4/20/2020 Monday. This video was very informative. Robert Renick Educational Center. MDCPS